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Dr_Somchai_Trakoolshoke-satianThings may be looking up for the estimated a million people eligible for vision correction surgery. New technology is making LASIK safer and better.

 LASIK is the nation’s most popular vision correction procedure, representing approximately 90 percent of all refractive procedures performed annually. In 2012, some 1.4 million LASIK procedures were performed.


The surgery has always been a two-step process. In the first step, the surgeon makes a thin flap and folds it back for the second step, during which a device called an excimer laser is used to ablate corneal tissue for vision correction.


Until now, advancements such as Custom LASIK and Wavefront have focused on improving the second step (precise tissue ablation). Now, new research shows the importance of the first step on visual outcomes. The discovery was made when surgeons began
using a new laser, instead of the handheld microkeratome blade, to create the corneal flap.

Doctors found that in addition to fewer complications, more patients achieved vision better than 20/20—up to 20/15 and even 20/12.5 when the Femto laser was used in the first step.

For many people eligible for LASIK who have held off on having the procedure due to the fear of the blade and/or complications, here are some great reasons to consider having it now:

• Better Vision: More patients achieve statistically better vision with Femto LASIK—often better than 20/20.

• Improved Safety: Femto LASIK virtually eliminates the most severe complications.

• Fewer Retreatments: The number of LASIK retreatments required to perfect the visual outcome is significantly lower.

• Reduced Dry Eye Symptoms: Clinical studies of dry eye symptoms showed a reduction by as much as 72 %.

• Benefits More Patients: Patients with thin corneas who may not have been considered for the LASIK procedure, may now be candidates. If you’ve been holding off on having your vision corrected and are ready to take the plunge, ask your ophthalmologist to use Femto laser instead of a blade, the
safest option now available for LASIK.
 
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                        Click ! to see     VDO from Youtube                                  
 
Eighty-eight percent of patients have better than 20/20 vision—up to 20/15—after having FemtoLASIK, the ultra-fast, ultra-safe laser replaces the metal blade used in traditional LASIK.
 
“It turns out that the flap that bystander. Data now validates what we suspected but hadn’t proven; that the rate of achieving high levels of vision is better with the Femto laser than with the metal microkeratome,” says Dr. Somchai T.
 
 
raknaWe are committed to providing the best quality treatments to our patients by using the world’s leading refractive technologies. Therefore, we started performing femto-LASIK with the FEMTO LDV femtosecond laser (Ziemer Group). In this time, we have come to realize that the FEMTO LDV is the ideal technology for refractive surgeons who desire to complete their LASIK procedures with a high level of safety and patient satisfaction.

The clinical outcomes, surgical quality, and usability of the first and second FEMTO LDV systems were excellent, and we recently worked together with Ziemer to further improve the laser system in several areas.

Ziemer has now developed these systems and released its new FEMTO LDV with remarkable features that fulfilled our expectations. The Z model is new to the market. We have started using this FEMTO LDV for corneal surgery in our clinic.
 
ADVANTAGES OF THE FEMTO LDV

Upon review of our experiences with the FEMTO LDV compared with other femtosecond lasers, we found that this laser excels in LASIK flap creation. The FEMTO LDV offer surgeons and patients many advantages:
 
High-speed, low-energy scanning system.
The FEMTO LDV has a high-speed scanning system that generates low-energy laser pulses at the nanoJoule (nJ) level with high-pulse frequencies exceeding 5 MHz. According to an analysis of the effects of different energy levels on corneal stromal cells, greater inflammatory cell infiltration was observed in the cornea when using lasers with higher energy levels.
These higher energy levels also triggered increased cell death. Additionally, typical complications caused by some femtosecond lasers, such as vertical gas breakthrough, rainbow glare, transient light sensitivity syndrome (TLS), opaque bubble layer (OBL) formation, and inflammation, were induced by higher pulse energy femtosecond lasers.

Tissue preservation.
During flap creation with the FEMTO LDV, small and tightly overlapped dissection spots are produced, resulting in complete resection with no tissue bridges and a smooth stromal bed. It also produces significantly fewer gas bubbles and is free of edema. Besides tissue preservation, the handheld scanning device affords the surgeon a direct view of the cornea and ensures a highly precise cutting depth.
 
Ergonomic design.Laser energy is deployed from a
handpiece that is attached to a maneuverable articulated arm, meaning patients can be treated on the excimer laser bed instead of relocating between the flap creation and ablation procedures. Using the FEMTO LDV, both surgeon and patient can stay in a single position. Therefore, the entire bilateral LASIK procedure can be completed within 6 minutes.
 
Short procedure time.As the scanning system improved the speed of the operation, the cutting time using FEMTO LDV is now less than 15 seconds. Patients are more comfortable and feel less stress during the procedure

 

 

The LASIK Procedure: A Complete Guide
 
Seeing well without glasses or contact lenses is the dream of millions people. Modern medical science has enabled this dream to come true.
 
If you're tired of wearing glasses or contact lenses, you may be considering LASIK eye surgery — one of the advanced procedures to correct vision problems.
 
LASIK is the most commonly performed refractive surgery procedure; the name is actually short for "laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis."
 
Why is it so popular? LASIK has advantages over other procedures, including a relative lack of pain afterward and the fact that good vision is usually achieved by the very next day.
 
Both nearsighted and farsighted people can benefit from the LASIK procedure. With nearsighted people, the goal is to flatten the too-steep cornea; with farsighted people, a steeper cornea is desired. While this is not widely recognized by consumers, excimer lasers also can correct astigmatism by smoothing an irregular cornea into a more normal shape.
 
Understanding Your Eyes
Just like a camera, the eye works by focusing light ray. To see clearly, the cornea and the lens must bend — or refract — light rays so they focus on the retina — a layer of light-sensing cells that line the back of the eye. The retina converts the light rays into impulses that are sent to the brain, where they are recognized as images. If the light rays don't focus on the retina, the image you see is blurry. This is called a refractive error. Glasses, contacts and refractive surgery attempt to reduce these errors by making light rays focus on the retina.
The most common vision problem is the inability to focus incoming light precisely onto the retina. The result is blurred vision. Refractive errors are caused by an imperfectly shaped eyeball, cornea or lens, and are of three basic types:
  • myopia — nearsightedness; only nearby objects are clear.
  • hyperopia — farsightedness; only objects far away are clear.
  • astigmatism — images are blurred at a distance and near.
There's also presbyopia — "aging eye or old vision" refers to the gradual loss of the eye’s ability to adjust the focus from far to near. The condition is a normal part of the aging process, affecting each and every person, and usually occurs between ages 40 and 50, and can be corrected by the use of bifocals or reading glasses. Presbyopia can be present by itself or in combination with nearsightedness, farsightedness, or astigmatism.
 
 
Before the LASIK Procedure
 
If you are considering LASIK eye surgery, your first step is to choose a good surgeon.
In order to decide whether you're a good candidate for LASIK, your eye doctor will examine your eyes to determine their health, what kind of vision correction you need, and how much laser ablation is required.
 
Your doctor will also look for signs of dry eye disease, which must be treated and cleared up before LASIK can be performed.
 
Also, a corneal topographer is usually used; this device photographs your eye and creates a kind of "map" of your cornea. With new wavefront technology associated with custom LASIK, you will also undergo a wavefront analysis that sends light waves through the eye to provide an even more precise map of aberrations affecting your vision.
 
Finally, the doctor will find out from you any health problems you have or medications you take. Some health conditions will disqualify you altogether for LASIK, but others may just postpone the procedure until a later date
 
During LASIK Surgery
 
LASIK is an ambulatory procedure; you walk into the surgery center, have the procedure and walk out again. In fact, the actual surgery usually takes less than five minutes, and you're awake the whole time. Occasionally, the doctor will give a mild oral sedative beforehand. Even though the procedure is relatively quick, this does not minimize the importance of having it performed by a highly skilled surgeon with proper equipment because LASIK is a very delicate procedure. You also should have someone accompany you to drive you back home afterward.
 
Most people don't feel pain during LASIK surgery. Your eyes are first anesthetized with special drops.
 
The doctor will have you lie down, and then make sure your eye is positioned directly under the laser. (One eye is operated on at a time.) A kind of retainer is placed over your eye to keep your eyelids open — normally, this is not uncomfortable. It has a suction ring that keeps your eye pressurized, which is important in LASIK for allowing the surgeon to cut the corneal flap.
 
An instrument called a microkeratome is used in LASIK eye surgery to create a thin, circular flap in the cornea. The surgeon will use an ink marker to mark the cornea before the flap is created.
 
The surgeon folds the flap back out of the way, and then removes some corneal tissue underneath using an excimer laser. The excimer laser uses a cool ultraviolet light beam to precisely remove ("ablate") very tiny bits of tissue from the cornea to reshape it. When the cornea is reshaped in the right way, it works better to focus light into the eye and onto the retina, providing clearer vision than before. The doctor uses a computer to adjust the laser for your particular prescription. You will be asked to look at a “green & blinking” target light for a short time while the doctor watches your eye through a microscope while the laser sends pulses of light to your cornea.
 
The laser light pulses will then painlessly reshape the cornea. You'll hear a steady clicking sound as the laser is operating. You're also likely to smell a mildly acrid odor due to the tissue removal. The higher your prescription, the more time the surgery will take. The surgeon has full control of the laser and can turn it off at any time.
 
The flap is then laid back in place, covering the area where the corneal tissue was removed.
 
After the procedure is finished, you will rest for a little while. The doctor may prescribe medication for any postoperative pain, but many people feel no more than mild discomfort after LASIK. That's one advantage over PRK, which can be quite painful afterward.
 
After LASIK: Short-Term
 
Immediately after LASIK, the doctor will have you rest for a bit, then you can go home. At home, you should relax for at least a few hours. Avoid rubbing your eye, as there is a chance (though slim) of dislodging the corneal flap. Get proper rest, fill and use any necessary prescriptions and call your doctor immediately if you suspect a problem. What occurs after the surgery can affect your vision just as much as the surgery itself.
 
You may be able to go to work the next day, but many doctors advise a couple of days of rest instead. They also recommend no strenuous exercise for up to a week, since this can traumatize the eye and affect healing.
 
 
After LASIK: Longer Term
 
With LASIK surgery, most people's vision improves right away, but some find that their vision gradually improves even more over the next few days or even weeks.
 
Postoperative complications can include infection or night glare (starbursts or halos that are most noticeable when you're viewing lights at night, such as while you're driving).
 
Everyone heals differently, and the differences can significantly affect your final result. This is one of the reasons why it is so important to pick your doctor carefully. Regardless of the accuracy of the laser, it is still the doctor who uses the laser and then manages your healing response afterward. Be sure you understand your postoperative instructions, so that you will do everything you can to help with your final result.
 
Rarely, people will experience improvement, then notice a gradual worsening of vision (called "regression"). If this happens, discuss it with your surgeon to determine if more surgery (called an enhancement or "touch-up") will be necessary.
 
LASIK Results: What to Expect
 
If eyes were made of marble, we could correct every one of them to a perfect 20/20. But eyes made of living tissue. As can be expected, not all eyes display the same healing response. The individual healing response, which cannot be predicted accurately and cannot be determined by testing, affects the patient’s final vision.
 
Most people will no longer need glasses or contact lenses for distance vision. Some may achieve only 20/40 or better with LASIK. After the initial treatment, about 95 percent of patients will have 20/40 or better vision without glasses; 20/40 vision is fairly good enough to pass the driver’s license vision test without glasses.
 
Some patients may still need glasses or contact lenses following laser vision correction, though their prescription level typically will be much lower than before.
 
Laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) has helped millions of people around the world reduce their dependence on glasses or contact lenses. It is, however, an elective surgical procedure with some serious associated risks. And most importantly, it is an elective surgical procedure performed on an otherwise healthy eye in the presence of safe and effective nonsurgical alternatives — that is, glasses and contact lenses.
 
As someone who may be interested in receiving LASIK, you understandably want to know what to expect. It's difficult, however, to say conclusively what your outcome may be because there are so many variables involved such as the degree and type of vision correction you need, and the experience of your eye surgeon.
 
Even if you see perfectly after laser eye surgery, you may still need reading glasses or bifocal contact lenses once you hit your 40s.
 
LASIK Criteria for Success
 
Laser eye surgery isn't for everyone. The six general guidelines below are a good start for determining if LASIK or PRK is for you.
 
  1. Your eyes must be healthy. If you have any condition that can affect how your eyes respond to surgery or heal afterwards, you must wait until that condition is resolved. Examples are chronic dry eyes, conjunctivitis and any injury. Some conditions, such as cataracts that interfere with your vision, keratoconus and uncontrolled glaucoma, may disqualify you completely.
  2. You must be an adult. By law, certain procedures require you to be 18; others, 21. Younger patients can be treated as an exception.
  3. You must have stable vision for at least a year. Many young adults experience changes in their eyeglass and contact lens prescriptions in the teenage years. Vision stabilizes most often sometime in their 20s. Usually, it is nearsightedness gradually becoming worse, but there may be other changes as well. They are not good candidates until their eyes have "settled down" into one prescription.
  4. If you are pregnant, certain hormonal changes will cause fluid levels in your body to rise. This can change the shape of your corneas, leading to changes in your vision. Surgery should not be performed until your hormones and vision have "normalized" after pregnancy. This could take a few months. Dry eyes are often seen in pregnant women as well, and as mentioned above, you should postpone LASIK until your eyes are healthier. In addition, some medications that would normally be used before or after surgery to promote healing (such as antibiotics and steroids) may be risky for your baby, whether unborn or nursing.
  5.  Degenerative or autoimmune diseases may be disqualifiers, too. Some examples are Sjogren's syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis. Basically, if your body has any trouble with healing, your refractive surgery outcome may not be very good.
  6. Your prescription must be within certain limits. For example, very high amounts of myopia, which would require removal of too much corneal tissue, may preclude LASIK or make another type of refractive surgery a better option, such as insertion of artificial lenses known as implantable collamer lens or ICL.
 
LASIK Risks and Complications
 
If you are considering LASIK and worried that something could go wrong, you might take comfort in knowing that it's extremely rare for complications from this procedure to cause permanent, significant vision loss. Also, many complications can be resolved through re-treatment or enhancements of the eye.
 
Selecting the right eye surgeon probably is the single most important step you can take to decrease any risks associated with LASIK. An experienced, reputable surgeon will make sure you are properly screened to let you know up front if you aren't a good candidate for LASIK eye surgery.
 
Even if you are not qualified for LASIK, you might still be able to undergo vision correction through other means such as PRK, LASEK, or implantable lenses. If you do decide to undergo LASIK, a responsible eye surgeon will work closely with you to resolve problems if they do develop.
 
How Common Are LASIK Complications?
 
Public confidence in the LASIK procedure has grown in recent years because of a solid success rate involving millions of successful procedures all over the world.
With increasingly sophisticated technology used for the procedure, most LASIK outcomes these days are very favorable.
 
LASIK Complication Rates Are Decreasing
 
Complications generally were more common in the early years of LASIK, when studies in the late 1990s indicated that up to 5 percent of people undergoing the procedure experienced some type of problem.
 
Experienced LASIK surgeons now report in trade journals that serious complication rates can be held well below 1 percent, but only if surgical candidates are selected very carefully. You may be eliminated as a LASIK candidate, for example, if you have certain conditions such as pregnancy or diabetes that affect how well your eye heals.
 
Any health condition you have that might hamper your ability to heal should be mentioned and discussed in detail with your eye surgeon. Large pupil sizes also might be risk factors for LASIK complications, because pupils in dark conditions could expand beyond the area of the eye that was treated. Again, make sure you discuss any concerns about these or other matters with your eye surgeon.
 
Common LASIK Complications
 

LASIK Complications: How They Affect You and How They Are Treated
Complications
Symptoms
Treatments
Incomplete corrections (undercorrection, overcorrection, residual astigmatism) or regression of effect
Blurry, less-than-perfect vision
Glasses or contact lenses; eyedrops; re-treatment with laser
Decentered ablations
Visual aberrations*
Eyedrops; re-treatment with laser
Oversize pupils (pupils wider than treatment zone)
Visual aberrations*
Eyedrops; re-treatment with laser
Haze
Visual aberrations*
Eyedrops; re-treatment with laser
Irregular flap (folds, wrinkles, striae)
Visual aberrations*
Surgical correction; second laser procedure
Dry eye
Dry, itchy or scratchy eyes, often with redness and sense of foreign object in eye, and sometimes pain
Prescription dry eye medication; artificial tears; punctal occlusion (blockage of tear ducts in order to retain tear film on eye), oral flaxseed oil
Diffuse lamellar keratitis (eye inflammation)
Visual aberrations*
Eyedrops; surgical rinsing of cells
Epithelial ingrowth
Visual aberrations*
Surgical removal of epithelium
Infection
Redness, oozing of eyes, sometimes pain
Eyedrops; oral medications
*Visual aberrations include symptoms such as glare, double vision, ghosting, halos, starbursts, loss of contrast sensitivity, and problems with low-light or night vision. Not all patients experience all symptoms, and some patients with these complications experience no symptoms and require no treatment.

 
Again, remember that you can improve your odds of avoiding LASIK risks by selecting a reputable, experienced eye surgeon.
 
If you are younger when you undergo LASIK, remember that your reading vision naturally will change when you are 40 or older. These changes in the flexibility of your eye's natural lens from presbyopia will cause you to slowly lose the ability to focus at closer distances. (If you are nearsighted and have presbyopia, you lose your near vision when you wear your regular lenses for distance correction.) This vision problem is not from LASIK, but represents a natural change in how you see in the near vision range.
 
You also might develop cataracts, which are unrelated to LASIK, that cause the eye's lens to become cloudy. These changes in an aging eye have nothing to do with your LASIK procedure, and will require additional correction through eye surgery or artificial lenses when you are older.
 
The Truth About LASIK Risks
 
While LASIK outcomes are overwhelmingly favorable, remember that there is still that fraction of less than 1 percent of people who do experience sometimes serious and ongoing vision problems following LASIK. These are likely the people who operate anti-LASIK web sites filled with chilling warnings regarding dangers of the procedure, with nothing positive ever said. You should rationally consider what unhappy LASIK patients have to say in light of your own needs and the fact that it is absolutely true that no surgical procedure is ever risk-free.
 
Patients often ask if one of those complications is likely to occur to them. Complications are rare but will be more common in people with high amounts of nearsightedness, farsightedness, or astigmatism, because these people require larger amounts of treatment. Most complications can be partially or totally corrected through a repeat laser procedure. No person has ever gone blind from excimer procedure in any of the extensive FDA studies, but it is remotely possible.
 
Apples to Oranges:  Comparing Data on LASIK Lasers
 
The FDA has approved lasers for use in LASIK to treat myopia and hyperopia with or without astigmatism. In general, the best results have been seen in people with low to moderate myopia or hyperopia.
 
For more information on lasers that are FDA-approved for LASIK, including their approved treatment levels (that is, the amount of myopia, hyperopia, and/or astigmatism the lasers are approved to treat), read our article on LASIK lasers. Just remember that — no matter the approved treatment level of the laser — you and your surgeon can elect to do whatever you decide is appropriate and reasonable in your particular case.
 
Which LASIK Laser Is Best?
 
 
Excimer lasers, manufactured to perform laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK), are, one and all, marvels of modern medicine. Many potential LASIK recipients, though, are interested in the subtle differences among the currently approved instruments.
 
 Compare laser machines

But for most people, the choice of laser makes no significant difference. No matter which laser is used, remember that ultimately the skill and experience of your eye surgeon likely will be the most important factors affecting the outcome of your LASIK procedure.

Why we chose the Carl Zeiss MEL-80 G-Scan Excimer lasers
Six reasons
:Laser energy delivery: This laser possesses all the most modern features to ensure that the laser energy delivery is consistent and accurately delivered. It is the only laser available that provides fully programmable customized treatment options, based on refraction alone, based on the surface shape of the cornea or based on the wavefront measurements of the eye. Carl Zeiss holds the patents on the use of a gaussian beam profile - the only shape that can produce a totally smooth surface on overlap of multiple spots during treatment.
:Market experience: Carl Zeiss were one of the first companies to develop an excimer laser for laser eye surgery. They are the first to develop treatment for hyperopia or far sightedness and continue to lead in this area with the best outcomes and safety. They were the first to offer, and have the longest market experience in topographic guided treatments and wave front guided treatments.
:Wave Front Link: This laser is the only laser linked to an wavefront sensor (Aberrometer) with sufficient resolution to accurately measure eyes that have large amounts of irregular wavefront error.
: Controlled atmosphere: The laser is the only laser that controls the space between the eye and the laser (the beam path). This is a Carl Zeiss unique patented technology, and enables more accurate results that are less influenced by extraneous environmental factors.
: Closed Loop Energy Monitoring: The MEL80 is one of very few lasers available that feeds back to the energy control unit during treatment (active monitoring). The feedback sensor controls for any fluctuations in energy that occur during the procedure, keeping constant the energy delivered to the eye within 1-2%.
: Eye tracking: The purpose of the eye tracker is to enable the laser spot to be delivered to the right position on the cornea.
1. DELAY TIME: The eye tracker incorporated in the MEL80 lasers possesses the ability to deliver a laser pulse within 2 to 6-milliseconds of detecting the eye position. (It is necessary for this to be within 10-milliseconds, some laser systems do not reach this minimum requirement). While some laser systems match this level of rapid response, no system currently performs better than this.
2. TRACKING OBJECTS: The MEL80 laser eye tracker is the latest generation tracking system from the world-leader in infra-red tracking system technology: SMI, GmbH (Berlin, Germany) and tracks the pupil with a new highly reliable auto-thresholding camera; This and other features overcome certain limitations of pupil tracking found in the past that were inherent in older video tracking systems.
 
Just the Numbers, Please
 
Here are the FDA-study results for various procedures to correct myopia and hyperopia. Most experts agree that today's numbers are probably better than these: surgeons are fairly new to the individual lasers during FDA trials, and new technology has allowed lasers to improve over the years as well.
 

Patient Results Three Months After Treatment
Procedure
20/20 or Better
20/40 or Better
LASIK for myopia
42.0% to 84.8%
76.8% to 99.4%
LASIK for hyperopia
48.8% to 58.3%
93.4% to 98.3%
PRK for myopia and hyperopia*
67% (approximate)
95% (approximate)
Source: *American Academy of Ophthalmology

 
 
Visual Acuity Targets: How Well You Can Expect to See After LASIK
 
CRSQA, the surgeon-certification organization, requires its members to show that at least 90 percent of their LASIK patients achieve 20/40 uncorrected vision or better, and that at least 50 percent achieve 20/20 uncorrected vision or better. At least 85 percent of a CRSQA surgeon's LASIK patients must be within one diopter of the refractive target, and at least 50 percent must be within a half diopter. These benchmarks are considered reasonable by most refractive surgeons. Even surgeons who are not certified by CRSQA should be able to provide you with these figures based on their own experience and patient base.
 
PRK: The Original Laser Eye Surgery
 
It may be hard to believe these days, when everything is "LASIK this" and "LASIK that," but PRK (photorefractive keratectomy) used to be the most common refractive surgery procedure.
 
Both are grouped under the umbrella "laser eye surgery," but each is a little different when it comes to advantages and disadvantages.
 
LASIK patients have less discomfort and obtain good vision more quickly (with PRK improvement is gradual and over a few days or even months), but many surgeons prefer PRK for patients with larger pupils or thin corneas.

PRK was invented in the early 1980s. The first FDA approval of a laser for PRK was in 1995, but the procedure was practiced in other countries for years.

The Different between PRK & LASIK Procedure

For the PRK procedure, no scalpels are used and no incisions are made. Because no corneal flap is created and manipulated during PRK, it is technically easier for a surgeon to perform PRK than LASIK. Normally, most people don't feel pain during PRK because no use of suction ring that keeps your eye pressurized and immobile.
 Photorefractive Keratectomy (PRK) uses a laser to sculpt the surface of the cornea.  This contrasts with LASIK, which sculpts inside the cornea.
After PRK procedure, it usually takes 3-5 days for the outer layer to re-grow over the cornea.  During that period, the patient may experience mild to marked discomfort with blurry vision.  Unlike with LASIK, it takes longer to achieve the final result in PRK since a greater amount of tissue healing takes place.The major benefit of this procedure is that the integrity and the strength of the corneal dome are retained.
 
Cost of LASIK and Other Corrective Eye Surgery
 
LASIK prices differ widely from one provider to another and depend on many factors. The only universal standard is that LASIK and other refractive surgery prices are quoted per eye. Remember that one LASIK procedure equals only one eye even if both eyes are corrected on the same day. So the price quoted for a procedure doubles if you intend to have both eyes corrected.

 

Questions to ask about
 
If you would like assistance in estimating the cost of treatment for laser eye treatment at any center, please request a quote from their staffs.
 
When discussing fees you should ask:
 
What is included?
What is not included?
What will I have to pay for if complications occur or enhancement surgery becomes necessary?
How much do prescription medications (such as anti-inflammatories or painkillers) cost?
If I require temporary contact lenses or glasses after the procedure, how much will they cost?
How many follow-up visits will I need to make, and at what cost?
 

 
We offer competitively priced all-inclusive packages for the following procedures. See our “ SuperCenter LASIK PATTAYA ”  staffs to establish your eligibility for these packages!
 
You and Your Surgeon
 
LASIK, then, is like many other surgical procedures: where you start is an important predictor of where you end up. Results are affected by the health of your body in general, your eyes in particular, and the status of your current vision. And, as with all other surgical procedures, the skill and experience of the surgeon is a major factor that cannot be overlooked.
 
In other words, the best way to anticipate what to expect from LASIK, from the standpoint both of vision outcomes and potential complications, is to take a close look at yourself and your surgeon. Together, you determine the results.
 

 








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